Hello friends, you must have heard about biodegradable plastic or bioplastic. In this article, we will discuss What is Biodegradable Plastic and How to make Biodegradable Plastic.
|What is Biodegradable Plastic|
The use of plastic is becoming a cause of concern worldwide, especially in Asian countries where plastic is most used. More than 26 thousand tons of plastic are being used daily in India only. Which is causing concern for environmentalists around the world. Most plastics use in packaging industries, as packaging industries do not have other options. But now such a product is knocking in the industry, which by 2025 can become an excellent alternative to plastic packaging. This product is Bioplastic or Biodegradable Plastic.
What is Bio-Plastic
From the current use of plastics, it estimates that by the year 2050 it will cause carbon dioxide emissions to reach 15%. To overcome this challenge, it is necessary to increase the use of bio-plastics. But do you all know How to make Biodegradable Plastic. Bioplastic is a plant-based plastic. It mainly prepares from corn, wheat, sugarcane, or other organic materials. This plastic is currently being used mainly in the packaging industry. Products made from it are biodegradable or compostable plastic materials.
Types of Bio-Plastics
The use of biodegradable plastic is a beginning, whereby we can reduce pollution and play an important role in protecting the environment. Therefore we must have complete knowledge of Biodegradable Plastic. Some of the major Types of Bio-Plastics or Types of Biodegradable Plastics are as follows –
1. Starch-based plastic
Plastic Materials such as thermoplastic starch makeup about 50% of the Bioplastic market and are currently the most important and used bioplastic. Pure starch has the characteristic of absorbing moisture and is the reason why it is used in the medicinal area to make capsules of medicines.
2. Cellulose-based plastic
Cellulose bioplastic is mainly cellulose esters (cellulose acetate, nitrocellulose) and derivative from them (celluloid …).
3. Aliphatic polyester
Aliphatic Bio Polyester is mainly Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate (PHB), Polyhydroxy valerate (PHV), and Polyhydroxy Hexanoate (PHH) like Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA).
4. Polylactic Acid (PLA) Plastic
Polylactic Acid (PLA) is a transparent plastic prepare from sugarcane or sugar. Its characteristics are not only similar to those of conventional silicon-scale plastics ( PE or PP). Still, they can easily produce with standard equipment that already exists for the production of conventional plastics. Yellow and Peewee blends typically come in a granular form with various characteristics and, uses in the plastics industry to make the foil, mould, box, cup, bottle, and other things.
5. Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB)
Biopolymer poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a type of polyester produce by a particular type of bacteria that processes sugars or starch. Its characteristics are similar to those of shell plastic polypropylene. For example, the sugar industry of South America decided that it would increase the production of PHB at the industrial level. PHB distinguishes mainly because of its physical. It produces a transparent film at a melting point greater than 130 ° C and is a Biodegradable material without residue.
Use of Biodegradable Plastic
The demand for biodegradable products is increasing rapidly. In addition to the packaging of food products, Biodegradable Plastic used to start the business of various products including plates, cups, cutlery, and containers Research and information related to the startup of a biodegradable product can also be obtained online. There is a shortage of such businesses in the country. In the US and Europe, you must get information online related to biodegradable business and industry, and consider this business.
Business Startup option
In the business of Biodegradable Products, if you want to start with the manufacturing sector, you will need to invest Rs 10 lakh in the beginning. At the same time, investment depends on how many products you are starting a business with. But if you do not have many investment options, then you should select the retail section. Apart from metro cities, the market for Biodegradable Products is expanding in Tier-1 and Tier-2 cities. With a basic marketing strategy, you can start a business easily.
Food Industry Linkage
Companies operating in the FMCG sector can be a good customer base. At the same time, various restaurants and small eatery shops should also be on the priority list of your customers: contact restaurants or hotels that do not use biodegradable products, or work. And tell them that these products are more beneficial than single-use plastic. There may be challenges regarding their price, but with increasing awareness, the price challenge will also be reduced. You can also conduct environmental seminars from time to time.
Use of social media
Various seminars and programs are organized from time to time by NGOs and governments in all cities to give a message against plastic products. You can get their information through various groups on social media. Explain how your business is eco-friendly there, and why we should use Biodegradable Products. Apart from this, you should also continuously share information related to your product and why to use it on your product on social media platforms.
Benefits of Biodegradable Plastic
|Benefits of Biodegradable Plastic|
1. According to one figure, around 500 million tones of plastic are used daily worldwide. Only in India, 26 thousand tons of plastic are used every day. In such a situation, pollution is increasing considerably. If we use, Biodegradable Plastic, the environment can be saved. So that in the future we can live without any trouble.
2. Plastic use daily throughout the world. If we come up with a new alternative in place of plastics that protects the environment, then a good business startup can be prepared.
3. Business can be started from Biodegradable Plastic to 1 million rupees. The investment depends on how many more products you start with the product initially.
4. By 2025, the Biodegradable Plastic products market is estimated to be over $ 11 billion. It is an excellent business option in times to come.
5. Biodegradable Plastic products are currently expensive, in which case your business can grow quickly if you can opt for cheaper products.
I hope you have understood what are Bio-Plastic, Benefits of Biodegradable Plastic, How to make Biodegradable Plastic And Types of Bio-Plastics, if you want to read technology related articles, Click here