The topic of discussion of the article is Benefits of Electric Vehicles | Future of Electric Vehicles. The automobile is one of the largest sectors in the world. At present, we all depend on automobiles, such as a car, bike, scooter, bus, etc. Today we see a continuous change in the field of automobiles. Everyday new technology comes in the field of automobiles. Electric vehicles are one of those changes. So let’s start discussing Electric Vehicles.
|Benefits of Electric Vehicles | Future of Electric Vehicles|
The question will arise in your mind that What is Electric Vehicle, working principle of electric vehicle, and the Benefits of Electric Vehicles. Electric vehicles are vehicles that run with the help of electric motors. The primary source of energy of these electric motors is batteries.
Types of Electric Vehicles
1. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
3. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
We can operate Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) with both fuel and electricity. In HEVs, we use a Regenerative Braking system to charge the battery. When we apply a brake, heat energy does produce due to friction. The conversion of this heat energy into electrical energy is known as regenerative braking.
In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, internal combustion engines are combined with electric propulsion systems. Internal combustion engines do most of the work, and the electric propulsion system provides support.
Hybrid vehicles are also known as “hybrids”. The Toyota Prius is the first hybrid electric car, introduced in 1997 through the Toyota Company. Some other examples of hybrid cars are – Ford Fusion Hybrid, Hyundai Ioniq HEV, Honda Civic Hybrid, Toyota Camry Hybrid, Kia Optima Hybrid, and Kia Niro, etc.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
We can drive plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) through both fuel and electricity. Also, know as Extended-Range Electric Vehicles (EREVs). Its charging process operates through both a regenerative braking system and an external power source.
The most significant difference between hybrid electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles is that plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have a larger battery and can also, be easily charged from external power sources.
By the way, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles have a large battery. Therefore, they can be run smoothly for some distance without the combustion engine. Examples of some Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles are as follows – Ford C-Max Hybrid, Honda Clarity PHEV, BMW i3 REx plug-in hybrid, Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid, and Toyota Prius, etc.
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully battery-powered vehicles, which do not require any type of engine or fuel. These types of electric vehicles use an external power outlet to charge the vehicle’s battery. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) also charge with regenerative braking systems.
Battery Electric Vehicles have many advantages; the most significant advantage is that this type of vehicle does not require any kind of maintenance. This means that maintenance does not need any kind of expenses. These vehicles only require charging. Therefore the Future of Electric Vehicles is a new creation of automobile technology.
Fuel-cell Electric Vehicle (FCEVs)
Fuel-cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) do not store or consume energy like batteries. They produce electricity with the help of hydrogen and oxygen. The efficiency of FCEV vehicles are quite good. Due to this, they fall into the category of best electric vehicles. But it is still in the development stage. Research is still ongoing on these.
Today we have four Types of Electric Vehicles. Which we have known in detail. But in the future, you will get to see many electric vehicles of new technology, on which research is still going on.
Working Principle of Electric Vehicles
Electric vehicles have an electric motor. Electric vehicles provide speed with the help of electric motors. These motors connect with the battery, which does charge with the use of an external power source. But in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Engine and Electric motor both are available.
Benefits of Electric Vehicles
Currently, fuel prices are continuously increasing, so electric vehicles are proving to be a boon today. Because there are many Benefits of Electric Vehicles which are…
Low maintenance cost
The best feature of electric vehicles is that their maintenance does not require any kind of expense. Engine vehicles require very high maintenance.
There are several main tasks, such as oil change, filter cleaning, which need to do on time. But no maintenance is required in an electric vehicle. That’s why electric vehicles save a lot of money.
Today automobile vehicle is the main cause of pollution. Smoke and harmful gases [Nitrogen oxides (NOx), Carbon monoxide (CO), Sulfur dioxide (SO2), Particulate matter (PM), etc.] from automobile vehicles pollute the air because of which humans and animals have to face diseases and troubles.
But no harmful gas and smoke come out of the electric vehicle. And there is no environmental pollution or air pollution. Therefore, we can protect the environment by using electric vehicles, and we can contribute by participating in environmental protection.
Reduce Sound Pollution
The most significant advantage of electric vehicles is that electric vehicles do not cause noise pollution. The sound does not come when the electric vehicle is running. In comparison, engine vehicles cause noise pollution.
Currently, the trend of electric scooters is increasing. The main reason for this is that the electric scooter weighs very little, and it runs very smoothly.
Cheaper to Run
Today, the prices of petrol and diesel are continuously increasing. And our use of them is also growing. In such a situation, according to scientists, the availability of gasoline and diesel may decline after some time. If we use electric vehicles, then the use of electricity is less expensive than petrol and diesel.
For Safety Purpose
From a security point of view, the electric vehicle is the safest option for us. There is a risk of fire in petrol and diesel vehicles at the time of the accident, which increases the damage. But electric vehicles are very unlikely to catch major fire.
Future of Electric Vehicles
Now you know about the Benefits of Electric Vehicles. The best thing about electric vehicles is that they do not require maintenance. And it costs very little to run them. Therefore, the demand for electric vehicles is likely to increase further in the future.
Currently, electric scooters, electric cars, electric bikes, etc. have come. People are very liking to use EVs. Right now the work is going on for the efficiency of electric vehicles, but you will see high-efficiency electric vehicles in the future. Therefore we can say that the Future of Electric Vehicles is a new technology of automobile, which can be a good option for environmental protection and human.
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