Currently, the trend of automation in every industry is growing rapidly. The process of inventing and manufacturing new machines in manufacturing industries is also increasing rapidly to make the manufacturing process more accessible. In this article, we will discuss Automation in Manufacturing Industry.
|Automation in Manufacturing Industry | Manufacturing Process|
What is Automation
Automation in Manufacturing Industry refers to the situation where a machine (or group of machines) replaces a human effort or attribute. Automation in Manufacturing Industry can be classified as:
1. Fixed position Automation
2. Soft Automation
Fixed Position Automation
The sequence of the processing operations is fixed by the equipment configuration. This type of automation is achieved by cams, gears, wiring, and other hardware. This configuration cannot easily change over quickly from one product type to another.
High production rates and the high initial investment is the prerequisites of this type of system. Transfer machines, automatic screw machines, automatic assembly lines are a few examples.
The soft automation process is slightly slower. The Soft Automation Process can divide into two parts – Programmable Automation and Flexible Automation.
In Programmable Automation, the production system can create a wide variety of products through numerical programming. A numerical control machine is an example of this type of automation process. Typically, a batch of components is produced simultaneously until a change occurs.
Production rates in the Programable Automaton are generally lower than that of fixed automation.
In Flexible Automation, the changeover of equipment for manufacturing different components is very quick and automatic. The programming of the machine is done off-line. In this type, a mixture of different products can produce one after another without any delay in between. A flexible machining system center is one such example of Flexible automation.
Advantage of Automation in Manufacturing Industry
1. Increase productivity due to high throughput (Throughput – The amount of material or items passing through a system or process).
2. Lowering labor costs.
3. Safety in processing.
4. Efficient utilization of material.
5. Reduction of in-process inventory.
Increase Productivity due to High Throughput
The most significant advantage of Automation in Manufacturing Industry is Increase Productivity (Productivity is the ratio of output-input within a period and also Productivity is the efficiency of individual and organizational performance).
It is possible to manufacture more products in less time through automation, which saves the time of both the employee and the company. Workers get time for planning, and there is no scope for mistakes, as all the work is done through machines.
Lowering Labor Costs
Currently, manufacturing work has become much faster and simpler through automation. Since all work is processing with the help of automatic machines, so there is no need for more workers and laborers. So this saves the company’s expenses for labor.
But one disadvantage is that due to automation there is a decrease in employment because the company does not need more workers.
Safety in Processing
Some time ago when automation was not in vogue, workers had to do every work carefully, But in such a situation it was not possible to do the work at a fast pace. Because the workers had to take care that the accident does not happen. But today automation and machines have made the manufacturing process easier.
Due to automation, the number of accidents through machines decreasing over the past several years. Because at present the work through automatic machines is prevalent in almost every company. Due to which workers are safe, And the company does not face any kind of loss.
An accident occurs unexpectedly causing injuries or loss to men and machines in Industry. But Not only the losses are direct (examples; compensation to the worker, medical expenditures, etc.) but can be direct also (loss of time of the co-workers, demoralization to the group, training of few workers if the injured worker is to replace, etc.)
Cases of Accident
1. Some of the causes of accidents are the following.
2. Violation of safety rules and also not using safety devices.
3. Improper use of gadgets and also machine controls.
4. Ignorance of the system operation.
5. Unsafe working conditions.
6. Monotony and work-relating stresses.
7. Wear and tear of the functional components.
8. Organic diseases, etc.
Efficient Utilization of Material
Products made from machines are simple and cheap, and the waste of raw materials is also less. This is because machine-made products are fully accurate, precise, and highly durable. Machines do all the work based on measurement, so which saves lots of raw material, and also we get a well-optimized product.
Reduction of in-process inventory
In easy language, the manufacturing process becomes simple and smooth through automation. So the manufacturing process does not require any extra step, and the process continues with proper planning.
Other Benefits of Automation in Manufacturing
We can manufacture products in bulk by Automation. Apart from this, multitasking is also possible with automation. So you can manufacture many types of products at one time. With this, you can also bring different types of products to the market. And this will also increase productivity, which will greatly benefit the business.
Unique Product Quality
You can manufacture products with the latest technology. You will have real-time data available, with the help of which you can research which products are in demand in the market. In this way, you can produce according to market demand.
You can manufacture the product quickly with the help of automation with the latest specifications in the popular product according to the demand in the market. It gives you a chance to research the latest technology, and you can launch a better quality product in the market in a very short time with the latest technology.
These are the two significant Benefits of Automation in Manufacturing Industry. Let us now discuss some examples of Automation in Manufacturing Industry.
1. CNC Machine (Computer Numerical Control Machine)
2. Material Handling and packaging
3. Machining, Welding, and Cutting Process
4. Robotic Automation in Manufacturing
5. Load Carrying Machines
CNC Machine (Computer Numerical Control Machine)
CNC machine is the best Example of Automation in Manufacturing or manufacturing process automation. The CNC machine is fully automatic also almost every machining process (surfacing, drilling, cutting, material removal, etc.) can be performed with the help of a CNC machine. This machine is costly, but it works with full accuracy and high precision.
Material Handling and Packaging
Currently, material handling and packaging have become easier for companies due to automation. Today almost every company uses automatic machines and robots for material handling and packaging. This reduces the use of manpower and easily completes the packaging process.
Automation technology is used for material handling and packaging in food industries, plastics companies, packaging industries, automobiles, etc.
Robotic Automation in Manufacturing
Almost everything in the manufacturing industries has become easy with the help of robots. Also, almost every small or big company wants its work quickly and with perfection, in such a situation, production has become faster and easier with the use of robots. Along with this, the possibility of mistakes also decreases.
Do you know about Unimate, unimate is the first industrial robot in the automation world. The Unimate Industrial Robot was invented in 1950 by George Devol (American Scientist). He is also called the Grandfather of Robotics.
Benefits of Robots in Manufacturing Process
(A) Production work gets faster
(B) Manufacturing work with precision and also more precisely.
(C) There is no chance of an accident.
(D) Producing more products in less time
(E) Multiple tasking work is possible
With robots, it is possible to work in places where it is not possible for humans to go, such as – furnace work, work with hot metal, lifting hot and cold products, lifting liquid hot metal, etc.
Also, read this Article – What is the Scope of Robotics Automation Process | RPA
Load Carrying Machines
Load Carrying Machines is the best Example of Automation in Manufacturing Industry. In industries, it is possible to carry heavy goods easily with the help of machines and robotic arms.
It has many advantages for the company, such as:
1. The fast pace of work
2. Choose and hold the operation
3. Easy and also secure loading and unloading
4. Fast Assembly and Sub-Assembly
5. Easy Nuclear material handling
6. Secure for Adhesive application
Automation has made the task easier today, many advantages such as production speed, productivity, business income, variety of products with the latest features, multiple tasking, are now possible through automation.
Today companies are getting enough time to think, plan, and work on their product. There are many possibilities in the field of automation in the future. The Automation in Manufacturing Industry is an advanced discovery that further efforts will be made to make more advanced.
Also, read this Article – What is 3D Printing | Additive Manufacturing